All Branches of Chemistry With Examples

Chemistry deals with the study of elements (atoms, elements, compounds, ions, etc.) and their chemical composition, characteristics, structure and reactions”.

“Chemistry also studies the chemical interactions between elements, atoms and molecules”.

Chemistry studies from the composition of living beings to astronomical phenomena.

What is the meaning of Chemistry?

Chemistry is the science dedicated to the study of matter , its compositional elements ( atoms , molecules ) and the reactions between them.

This implies an immense field of knowledge, with infinite applications and links with other scientific disciplines such as physics , biology , geography and medicine, among many others.

What are the all branches of Chemistry?

Chemistry is conventionally subdivided into six main branches or subdisciplines of chemistry:

  • inorganic chemistry

inorganic chemistry is dedicated to the study of matter from the point of view of its electrical, magnetic and optical properties, taking into account all the atoms in the periodic table , but particularly those that form compounds such as acids, bases , salts and ions and also metals .

  • organic chemistry

organic chemistry  is dedicated to the study of organic matter , that is, that which has carbon and hydrogen asfundamental elements , and which form long chains with unique properties. These compounds are also particularly important for the chemistry of living beings .

  • Biochemistry

Biochemistry  is dedicated to the study of the substances that make up living beings, as well as the reactions that take place within them. It has borders in common with medicine, genetics and neurology, among other fields of biological knowledge. Therefore, it is considered a point of contact between chemistry and biology: the chemistry of life.

  • Physical chemistry or physicochemistry

Physical chemistry or physicochemistry is dedicated to the study of the physical bases of physical processes and foundations, that is, it studies matter from a physical and chemical point of view, as its name indicates. His main areas of study include chemical thermodynamics , chemical kinetics, electrochemistry, spectroscopy and other specialties that are the result of crossing physics and chemistry.

  • Industrial Chemistry

Industrial Chemistry is dedicated to the study of industrial production methods of chemical substances, that is, to produce chemical substances in large quantities, and thus understand how these production methods can be made more efficient, less polluting and more economically profitable. This branch is particularly useful for researching and crafting new materials.

  • Analytical Chemistry

Analytical Chemistry is dedicated to the study of methods for the detection of chemical substances from different types of samples. This detection can consist of the identification (knowing what substance it is, and therefore, naming it) or quantification (knowing what proportions the substance is in the sample) of a certain element or chemical compound.

Sub-division of Branches of chemistry

In addition to the six main branches of chemistry, there is a good number of subdisciplines that arose from the contact of chemistry with other fields of knowledge, such as:

  • Astrochemistry

Astrochemistry arises from the combination of knowledge between chemistry and astronomy , it is dedicated to the study of the composition of stellar matter, that is, of the celestial bodies and the great clouds of space matter.

  • Nano chemistry

Nano chemistry; Born from the incorporation of nanotechnology into the field of chemistry, it explores how to build molecular machines capable of altering matter in revolutionary ways.

  • Geochemistry

Geochemistry  is the result of the union of the field of chemistry and geology , it consists of the study of the composition of the crust of our planet and its deep minerals.

  • Petrochemistry

Petrochemistry consists of the application of chemistry to the petroleum sciences , to study this material in depth and take advantage of its possibilities as an energy source or source of other substances.

  • nuclear chemistry

nuclear chemistry consists of the study of the atomic nuclei of the different elements known to the human being , with energy and other purposes.

  • environmental chemistry

environmental chemistry is a branch of chemistry that focuses its interest on the composition of the Earth and the chemical changes that take place on it, especially in the face of human activities.

  • Toxicological chemistry

Toxicological chemistry; Hand in hand with pharmacology, this branch of chemistry studies the toxicity of the different known chemical compounds and tries to find ways to alleviate their effects and prevent poisoning.

  • computational chemistry

Use computer software to simulate chemical processes. It is used to complement the results of experiments carried out in laboratories. It is also used to predict properties and results of compounds and chemical phenomena , being able to reduce the costs of experiments.

  • theoretical chemistry

theoretical chemistry is used to predict chemical reactions using physical and mathematical equations.

Relationship of chemistry with other branches of science:

Chemistry is often referred to as the central science because it joins together physics and mathematics, biology and medicine, and the earth and environmental sciences.

Relationship of chemistry with other branches of science
Relationship of chemistry with other branches of science

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