Pollution is a term used to refer to physical, chemical, and biological disturbances, caused by natural or human causes. These alterations contaminate the environment and have consequences on the lie or quality of life of the beings that live in that space.
In general, different types of pollution are caused by human action and are a source of serious environmental problems such as: global warming, ocean pollution, water pollution, among others.
Thus, the types of pollution are differentiated depending on the alteration or disturbance they cause in the environment.
What Are Different Types Of Pollution?
There are various types of pollution, each with its unique characteristics and impacts. Addressing these various forms of pollution is crucial for a healthier and more sustainable planet. Here is a list of 5 Major different types of Pollution:
- Water contamination
- Air pollution
- Soil pollution
- Noise pollution
- Visual pollution and light pollution
What is Water contamination Or Water Pollution?
Water pollution is caused by improper disposal of garbage and toxic waste in rivers, lakes, springs and even seas and oceans.
This pollution is due to lack of care with the disposal of products generated by industrial activity in rivers and seas. It can also be caused by the lack of basic sanitation and treatment due to domestic wastewater, which ends up being dumped in these places, contaminating the water.
The extensive production of garbage and non-recyclable material also plays an important role in water pollution. An example is the large amount of plastic found in the oceans that puts the lives of several marine species at risk.
What is Air pollution?
Air pollution refers to polluting gases emitted into the Earth’s atmosphere. Therefore, air pollution is also called smog.
The gases responsible for air pollution have their main origin in the burning of fossil fuels carried out by industry and vehicles.
In these cases, the release of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide are the main polluting gases. Other agents that pollute the air are aerosols, solvents, acids, and hydrocarbons.
What is Soil pollution?
Soil pollution is the dumping of waste that degrades the soil, causing damage to various species of animals and plants.
The main causes of this type of pollution are the inadequate disposal of waste from industries, domestic waste in urban and rural areas, and the use of toxic materials in agriculture.
This type of pollution degrades the soil, preventing the development of plants, and contaminating animals and food.
What is Noise pollution?
Noise pollution is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as noise greater than 65 decibels (dB). Above 75 dB, noises cause damage to health, and above 120 dB, they cause pain.
The main causes of noise pollution are cars and horns, civil construction works and air traffic.
Visual pollution and light pollution
Visual pollution includes the excess of visual stimuli generated by humans. Advertisements, signs, signs and buildings are some of the main causes.
Light pollution is similar to visual pollution, however, it occurs with objects that emit light such as headlights, illuminated panels and signs.
The main harm of this type of pollution is the stress it causes to people who are in constant contact with these objects. On the other hand, the excessive stimulus to consumption generated by the advertisements appears as a side effect.
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